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COP19—Warsaw Local weather Convention — World Points


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  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page Created

On this web page:

  1. Introduction
  2. Assembly end result
  3. In context: widespread however differentiated obligations
  4. In context: Hurricane Haiyan
  5. Lack of urgency
  6. Extra data
  7. Information tales from IPS

Introduction

November 11 – 23, 2013, Warsaw, Poland was the venue for the nineteenth annual United Nations Local weather Change Convention, also referred to as the nineteenth Convention of the Events — or COP 19.

The aim of this convention was to create a loss and harm pillar of a brand new local weather treaty to be finalized in 2015. The opposite two pillars mentioned in earlier conferences are mitigation (emission reductions) and adaptation pillars.

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Assembly end result

The primary end result of the assembly was the institution of a global mechanism for a loss and harm related to local weather change impacts .

Predictably, the loss and harm facet of local weather negotiations introduced out the worst in some nations. Some creating nations had been going to withstand the concept of financing adaptation to local weather change, whereas others appeared to hate the concept of local weather reparations for poor nations. A couple of years earlier, industrialized nations had made a authorized dedication to a world local weather fund. Unsurprisingly, not a lot got here of it, as Inter Press Service summarized,

In 2009 on the semi-infamous Copenhagen talks, the wealthy nations made a cope with creating nations, saying in impact: We’ll provide you with billions of {dollars} for adaptation, ramping as much as 100 billion {dollars} a yr by 2020, in trade for our mitigation amounting to small CO2 cuts as a substitute of constructing the large cuts that we must always do.

The cash to assist poor nations adapt flowed for the primary three years however has largely dried up. Warsaw was imagined to be the Finance COP to carry the promised cash. That did not occur.

International locations like Germany, Switzerland and others in Europe solely managed to scrape collectively guarantees of 110 million {dollars} into the Inexperienced Local weather Fund. Growing nations wished a assure of 70 billion a yr by 2016 however had been blocked by the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan and others.

Stephen Lehey, South Scores Eleventh-Hour Win on Local weather Loss and Harm, Inter Press Service, November 24, 2013

It acquired to the purpose that a whole lot of representatives from varied NGOs walked out of the negotiating rooms to protest towards developed nations’ reluctance to decide to a loss and harm mechanism. And this was a day after the G77+China group of 133 creating nations walked out of negotiations over the identical factor.

Wanting by means of the briefing stories from the revered NGO, the Third World Community, Plainly on the floor, whereas an end result was ultimately thrashed out, there are various areas of weak point of enough vagueness to fulfill everybody that contentious points which are seemingly resolved can nonetheless be challenged and altered sooner or later.

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In context: widespread however differentiated obligations

A few years in the past all nations agreed that local weather change was largely the results of actions from right now’s industrialized nations, as carbon dioxide — the principle greenhouse gasoline — stays within the ambiance for many years. But, the poorest would find yourself struggling essentially the most for an issue they largely didn’t trigger. The approaches to mitigation (emissions discount) would subsequently be completely different for these teams of nations — the widespread however differentiated obligations precept.

It’s on this context that the dialogue for loss and harm has come about. And it’s one thing that wealthy nations are eager to do away with .

The years of resistance on this problem (and plenty of others) means every time it’s mentioned once more the reactions appear to get much more hostile. Mixed with the dearth of detailed context within the mainstream media protection of this facet, it then turns into simpler every time to see culprits as China and India given their huge greenhouse emissions lately, in comparison with the far better quantity by the industrialized nations over the longer interval. See this web site’s part on local weather justice for extra detailed background.

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In context: Hurricane Haiyan

Hurricane Haiyan was the most important cyclone on document to hit land

The assembly got here on the time when the devastating Hurricane Haiyan had simply killed 1000’s within the Philippines and affected tens of millions extra. It was an ominous warning of what may very well be extra frequent as local weather change continues to take maintain.

It was additionally an instance of how poorer nations may very well be affected by an issue they’ve largely not been liable for and that whereas all of the worldwide outpouring of support and help was extremely welcome, that help for stopping and adapting to such occasions is paramount and efforts are urgently wanted to curb emission will increase.

In an emotional speech the Philippines lead negotiator for the convention, Naderev Saño, obtained a standing ovation for asserting that he’ll go on a starvation strike till a significant end result is in sight.

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Lack of urgency

Inter Press Service (IPS) famous the seeming lack of urgency given the years and years of delay and watering down of significant motion:

To have probability at staying beneath two levels C, industrialised nations must crash their CO2 emissions 10 % per yr beginning in 2014, stated Kevin Anderson of the Tyndall Centre for Local weather Change Analysis on the College of Manchester.

We will nonetheless do two C however not the best way we’re going, Anderson stated on the sidelines of COP 19 in Warsaw. He puzzled why negotiators on the within aren’t reacting to the fact that it’s too late for incremental adjustments.

I’m actually surprised there isn’t any sense of urgency right here, he advised IPS.

Stephen Lehey, South Scores Eleventh-Hour Win on Local weather Loss and Harm, Inter Press Service, November 24, 2013

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Extra data

Because the convention continues to be underway as this web page is written, extra data shall be added right here after the occasion is over.

For extra concerning the points from different organizations, listed below are some beginning factors:

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Information tales from IPS

Under is an inventory of tales from Inter Press Service associated to the Warsaw local weather convention and its aftermath.

  1. 1.5 diploma local weather pledge ‘on life help’, Guterres tells leaders throughout frank exchanges