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HomeNFTMeasuring the Influence of Ethereum’s Merge on Layer-2

Measuring the Influence of Ethereum’s Merge on Layer-2

Exercise on layer-2 was higher earlier than the Merge; nonetheless, the variety of transactions dropped by 36% and the variety of distinctive lively wallets dropped by 27%.

Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency behind bitcoin and the gateway to a whole bunch of DeFi initiatives, has a protected surroundings. As it’s programmable and scalable, anyone might use it to create dapps and different blockchain merchandise. Nonetheless, hefty fuel costs, energy consumption, and community congestion topped the record of Ethereum’s shortcomings.

Excessive fuel costs impeded merchants, avid gamers, and artists from transacting on the Ethereum community. Consequently, a number of layer-2 options tackle widespread Ethereum difficulties by providing protected and fast community affirmation with out or decreasing fuel costs.

Folks marvel how L2 ecosystems will match into the situation ‘after the Merge,’ contemplating that Ethereum is developing its infrastructure through the Merge. Nonetheless, because of the Merge, the Ethereum surroundings was strengthened and opened the highway to a extra environment friendly layer-2.

This report will analyze the speedy impression on essentially the most identified layer-2.

Key Takeaways 

  • The Merge is a significant milestone in Ethereum’s roadmap with a minor impact on the chain’s scalability.
  • The common fuel value of Ethereum dropped 61% from September fifteenth to seventeenth however then resumed rising and is now nearly at pre-merge ranges.
  • Layer-2 pre-merge exercise spiked notably, whereas after the merge, it cooled down; the variety of transactions fell by 36% and distinctive lively wallets by 27%.
  • Optimism witnessed a 228% rise in TVL from $274.46 million on July 1 to $902.74 million on August 31. After the hype of July and August, TVL dropped simply 2% ($884.6M) in September, making it one of many best-performing protocols.
  • Transaction quantity at Arbitrum has elevated by 54.7% month-over-month, whereas TVL has elevated by 2% ($979 million).
  • Though the variety of ImmutableX transactions decreased by 1.1%, the quantity of NFT buying and selling quantity grew by 101% ($4.3M).


Gasoline prices in Ethereum have remained unchanged post-merge

Ethereum is a decentralized blockchain-based software that helps sensible contracts. Ethereum is an open-source platform primarily used to help Ether, the second-largest cryptocurrency on the earth. Ethereum permits sensible contracts and apps created on its blockchain to function with out fraud, downtime, third-party intervention, or management.

Ethereum can be a programming language that facilitates builders’ creation of distributed apps. Microsoft’s collaboration with ConsenSys to offer Ethereum Blockchain as a Service on Microsoft Azure permits builders and company clients to entry a cloud-based blockchain growth surroundings with a single click on.

For additional particulars about Ethereum, learn this information.

The Merge improve was Ethereum’s long-awaited migration from the “Proof-of-Work” consensus mechanism to a “Proof-of-Stake” system.

Because of its potential materials and philosophical ramifications, The Merge, which took six years to develop, was seen by many as a watershed second within the historical past of cryptocurrencies. After months of market instability owing, amongst different issues, to inflation and growing rates of interest, this achievement may’ve helped strengthen market confidence and infuse some much-needed optimism.

For extra data concerning the Ethereum merge, verify this text.

Wanting on the distinctive lively wallets and transactions throughout the entire of 2022, we may see a descending development, and evaluating August knowledge with September, each transactions and UAW had a lower of 35% month-to-month.

On the identical development as Ethereum transactions and distinctive lively wallets, Ethereum’s TVL can be on a descending development for the reason that starting of the yr, and evaluating it to August, it had a lower of 5.6% ($31.41B) month-to-month.

The Merge didn’t instantly cut back fuel costs. In truth, wanting on the common fuel value chart, we may see how the typical fuel price decreased from the fifteenth to seventeenth of September by 61%, however then it began growing and presently is nearly on the identical worth pre-merge. 

Supply: etherscan

There’s nothing integrated into The Merge’s technological developments which can be supposed to cut back prices. Nonetheless, it would present the required technological infrastructure for future fuel optimizations.

As a result of excessive financial uncertainty and present macroeconomic panorama, and contemplating that the merge wasn’t an enormous scaling occasion however solely a tiny step within the Ethereum roadmap, the indications present us that the Merge hadn’t had the large impression that folks anticipated.

Polygon’s transactions and distinctive lively wallets dropped by 33% and 17%

Polygon, previously often called Matic, is a sidechain created to construct Ethereum-compatible blockchains and as a layer-2 answer on the Ethereum community. Matic, the community’s native token, is utilized for utility providers like fuel cost funds, a governance software, and staking incentives.

Supply: Momentum6

As a sidechain protocol, Polygon has advantages like cheaper charges and far sooner transaction charges, that are disadvantages of mainstream blockchains.

The notion of a sidechain entails working a second blockchain concurrently with a “most important” blockchain. Then, these two blockchains may talk with each other in a fashion that allows property to switch between them.

For additional data with regard to Polygon, learn this information.

Polygon transactions and distinctive lively wallets have the identical descending development as Ethereum. Wanting on the chart, we are able to observe a rise of 6.4% in transactions, and 4% in UAW from June to August 2022, pushed primarily by the passion for pre-merge and the multitude of reports. A pointy lower adopted this improve in September in comparison with the earlier month. We’ve got a 33% lower in transactions and a 17% drop in distinctive lively wallets.

Following the identical development as the indications analyzed earlier than, Polygon’s is in a steady lower, and this month had a lower of 28% ($1.33B) in comparison with the earlier one.

Ronin transactions and distinctive lively wallets dropped 51% and 54%, respectively

Ronin is an Ethereum sidechain that was developed particularly for the Axie ecosystem. It’s geared for near-instant transactions and modest prices, enabling tens of millions of microtransactions inside video video games. 


The community is the spine of Axie Infinity, facilitating all transactions and retaining its property – Axies, Land, SLP, AXS, and Wrapped ETH (WETH). At the moment, the community employs a consensus method based mostly on proof of authority. This means that there are fewer validators (7), however transaction affirmation instances are a lot faster. At the moment, the community’s validators embrace Binance, Ubisoft, and Animoca manufacturers.

Ronin’s transactions depend and distinctive lively wallets have the identical descending development as Polygon and Ethereum, which decreased respectively by 51% and 54% from August 2022.

Ronin’s TVL follows the identical development and has a 15% ($58.44M) lower from the earlier month. It’s price mentioning that from the twelfth until the fifteenth of September, it decreased by 30% ($46.28M) after which began growing, reaching the present worth,

Optimism, a high crypto winter performer

Optimism Layer-2 is an environment friendly scaling answer for Ethereum that reduces transaction charges on the Ethereum blockchain.

Optimism is a singular approach during which optimistic roll-ups consolidate many crypto transactions into one after which ship that transaction to a different blockchain for additional processing.

Using the idea of knowledge compression, it subsequently points the transaction receipts again to Ethereum, therefore decreasing the price of doing Ethereum transactions.

For extra data with regard to Optimism, learn this information.

Optimism, for the reason that starting of 2022, continues to be in an ascendent development, even when the transactions depend and distinctive lively wallets each fell by 37% in comparison with the earlier month. However, from January 2022, it elevated by 194% in transactions depend and 275% in distinctive lively wallets. It is among the best-performing protocols throughout this crypto winter.

Optimism was one of many best-performing protocols in July and August and noticed a 228% improve in TVL from round $274.46 million on July 1 to roughly $902.74 million on August 31.  

This improve was fueled by the assumption that Optimism might achieve from the Merge resulting from Ethereum’s “Rollup-Centric Roadmap,” which transforms its most important chain right into a settlement and knowledge availability layer and delegates scalability to layer-2 roll-ups via “danksharding.”

After the hype of July and August, in September, the TVL had a lower of solely 2% ($884.6M), as soon as once more, among the finest performing protocols in September too.

Arbitrum, like Optimism, was a high performer throughout this bear market

Arbitrum is a layer-2 answer mission aiming to enhance Ethereum sensible contracts’ scalability and supply further privateness options.

The platform is meant to make it easy for builders to execute Ethereum Digital Machine (EVM) contracts and Ethereum transactions at layer-2 whereas retaining Ethereum’s superior layer-1 safety.

Arbitrum was developed to beat a number of the deficiencies of Ethereum-based sensible contracts. As for the disadvantages, reminiscent of prolonged transactions and costly execution charges:

Arbitrum logs batches of transactions submitted to the Ethereum most important chain and executes them on inexpensive, scalable layer-2 sidechains utilizing a course of often called transaction roll-up. This system alleviates the vast majority of Ethereum’s computing and storage overhead whereas permitting a brand new class of resilient layer-2-based dapps.

Supply: Dune Analytics 

Arbitrum, together with Optimism, is one other protocol performing effectively throughout this bear market. Once we have a look at the transactions depend, we are able to see that it has been in an ascendent development for the reason that starting of the yr, and it has elevated 54.7% from August to September.

The Arbitrum’s TVL just isn’t following the identical development because the transactions depend, however ranging from the start of August 2022, we see a formation of a brand new and smaller ascending development. Taking a look at September knowledge, the TVL elevated by 2% ($979M) from the earlier month.

Loopring, the native blockchain of GameStop NFT market

Loopring is a Layer-2 scaling protocol based mostly on the Ethereum blockchain for decentralized exchanges (DEXs) that may resolve hundreds of offers per second. Whereas Loopring know-how is relevant throughout DEXs as a protocol layer, the platform additionally gives Loopring Trade, a non-custodial buying and selling platform with protected, high-speed transactions and no fuel prices. Loopring makes use of Zero-Information Proofs (ZKPs), a blockchain breakthrough that bundles transactions for effectivity, to let anyone create a high-throughput, non-custodial DEX. Loopring additionally rewards Zero-Information Rollup (zk-Rollup) operators and liquidity suppliers with its LCR coin.

Loopring’s TVL is in a descending development too, and it decreased by 15.8% ($138.64M) from the earlier month. 

It’s price mentioning that the GameStop market runs natively on Loopring, they usually’ve simply introduced an extra mission, making a GameStop pockets on Loopring’s protocol. 

No one noticed this method coming. GameStop entered the scene of NFTs late. It joined the ranks of rivals aiming to undermine OpenSea’s dominating place. As of September 2022, it ranks because the tenth most-traded market.

For additional particulars on the GameStop market, learn our newest report

Immutable X transactions declined 1.1%, whereas NFT quantity rose 101%

Immutable X is a layer-2 blockchain that addresses the scalability downside for Ethereum-based NFTs. It lets customers assemble and administer NFT tasks on a safe platform without cost. It additionally gives fast transaction affirmation, no fuel prices, and scalability with out sacrificing safety for video games, apps, and markets.

Utilizing zero-knowledge roll-up know-how, the community can carry out greater than 9000 transactions and mints each second. This exceeds the scale necessities for standard NFT tasks. Immutable X additionally goals to simplify the buying and selling, minting, and mailing of NFTs and ERC-20s.

For additional data concerning ImmutableX, learn our information.

Along with growing a layer-2 answer for NFTs on the Ethereum Blockchain, Immutable X gives a complete carbon-neutral NFT market that compensates for carbon emissions. In different phrases, the L2 method ensures that no vitality is wasted in the course of the creation and buying and selling of NFTs. Immutable X does this by forming a relationship with climate-aware companies Hint and Cool Impact.

Immutable X is one other high performer on this bear market, particularly for the reason that NFT buying and selling quantity elevated by 101% ($4.3M) from the earlier month, and the transactions depend had solely a 1.1% lower month-to-month.

Boba’s transactions depend and TVL decreased by 42% and 35%

Boba Community (beforehand OMGX) is a scaling answer for Ethereum that launched its mainnet beta in August 2021. On the Ethereum community, Boba Community guarantees to chop transaction and computation prices, improve throughput, and prolong the capabilities of sensible contracts. To perform this, Boba Community employs Optimistic Rollups (ORs), a Layer-2 scaling mechanism that presumes transactions are real till they’re disputed. The transaction could also be examined and validated utilizing computation whether it is contested.

Enya, a blockchain and synthetic intelligence (AI) infrastructure enterprise, and the OMG Basis each promote Boba Community (previously OMG Community and OmiseGo). Enya is a blockchain infrastructure enterprise that contributes considerably to OMG, one of many preliminary Layer-2 options for Ethereum. BOBA was created by Enya and the OMG Basis to supply a scalable platform for software growth that’s totally appropriate with the Ethereum community. Finally, BOBA will help builders in quickly creating highly effective and various apps.

Within the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem, Boba Community employs the boba token (BOBA) to help governance and reward community enlargement and consumer adoption. Along with being utilized by non-fungible token (NFT) tasks, Boba Community additionally powers Web3-enabled apps.

Supply: Dune Analytics

Analyzing the transactions depend of Boba, we are able to observe that the transactions depend for the previous three months remained in the identical vary, and in September decreased by 42% in contrast with the earlier month. 

The TVL is in a descending development too, and it decreased by 35% ($4.2MIL) in comparison with the earlier month. 

Metis’s TVL exhibits indicators of restoration

Metis is a layer-2 blockchain based mostly on the Ethereum blockchain with an emphasis on fostering the expansion of decentralized communities (DAOs). With blockchain know-how comes the promise of decentralization — DAO is the decentralized type of a agency, establishment, or group with out a CEO, Chairman, or President, for instance. All the foundations of a corporation or neighborhood are outlined in a DAO’s sensible contract, and all customers can vote or recommend amendments, that are all recorded on the blockchain.

As a layer-2 answer, the Metis blockchain handles transactions off-chain earlier than syncing them in big batches to the Ethereum mainnet. It’s corresponding to Abitrum and Optimism on this regard. Nonetheless, the first distinction between Metis and different layer-2 methods is that it processes transactions utilizing Optimistic roll-ups somewhat than zK roll-ups.

Optimistic roll-ups are the latest technology of layer-2 scaling options, they usually present a number of advantages over zK roll-ups. zK roll-ups necessitate a better degree of safety because of the sequencing layers for validators; these layers are in place to forestall fraudulent transactions on the blockchain, however they use a single sequencer that clogs the community throughout excessive transaction volumes, leading to the identical issues as the unique mainnet.

The Metis TVL has begun to rise, and in August, it climbed from $39.59 million to $56.53 million, a 42.7% improve. This rise was in keeping with the pre-merge anticipation. After the achieve in August, the TVL declined by 9.7% ($51.01M) in September however was nonetheless up 29% from the start of August.


After the Merge, Ethereum continues to be removed from turning into the ultimate product that Buterin envisioned it to be. The consumer expertise is negatively impacted by the prolonged withdrawal durations related to optimistic roll-ups, whereas sharding scaling options are nonetheless a few years away from being applied.

With new L1s instantly delivering excessive transaction capabilities however nonetheless missing Ethereum’s fascinating degree of safety, the world’s main Web3 community should instantly ship velocity and cost-efficiencies for dApp builders and customers. It’s because new L1s ship excessive transaction capabilities proper off the bat.

Despite the fact that the cryptocurrency market is in a bear market, the non-fungible token (NFT) and blockchain gaming markets are nonetheless rising quickly. Due to this, Ethereum must be ready to deal with contemporary surges in demand, which, on the earth of cryptocurrency, may happen at any time with out clogging up and sending fuel charges into orbit. As a result of this may solely be completed through L2s, it’s protected to imagine that L2s will live on for a substantial time sooner or later.



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